灵魂拷问:颈椎病是怎么“炼成”的?

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刘海鹰

北京大学人民医院脊柱外科主任 主任医师

脖子疼就一定是颈椎病吗?

颈椎病是由于颈椎的退变、老化而呈现的综合症状,单纯的颈椎退行性改变或脖子疼不能称为颈椎病。

颈椎病的主要类型有哪些?

1.神经根型颈椎病

由于压迫神经根而造成胳膊疼、麻等症状的颈椎病,叫做神经根型颈椎病。它的发病率最高,占全部颈椎病的80%到90%。


2.脊髓型颈椎病

脊髓型颈椎病是由于颈椎椎骨间连接结构退变,导致脊髓受压或脊髓缺血,继而出现脊髓的功能障碍,可严重致残,占全部颈椎病的10%左右。

引发颈椎病的原因是什么?

引发颈椎病的原因跟先天的因素有关,有的人先天椎管狭窄,缓冲空间小,若有压迫或增生的情况,就会比别人更容易出现症状。

但是,最主要的还是由于颈椎的提前老化造成了椎间盘的突出、钩椎关节的增生等,导致神经根或脊椎受到压迫。

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